Ecological aspects



The system operates the conversion of organic materials into electricity and heat, completely avoiding the burning of fossil fuels. In addition to the strategic benefits for the electricity market, fuel recovery (through the use of renewable resources and cogeneration) has the effect of avoiding CO2 emissions, and implicitly contributes to achieving the goals set by the Kyoto Protocol and the European and national energy policy.

legislative references

Below are the legislative references that regulate the emissions of the facility

Emissions to the atmosphere

The facility is designed to fully comply with the emission limits provided by the Italian legislature, namely D.lgs. 152/2006 Ecological and environmental norms corresponding to the sphere of activities concerned provided for in the Allegati alla Parte Quinta All și All. Parte Terza chapter 1.3.a.

Liquid emissions

The reference norm for liquid emissions is D.lgs. 152/2006 of the Third Part, Section II and related annexes. Liquid emissions are those produced by the facility recovering the energy content from pyrolysis capacitors. The maximum output quantity can run up to 150-200 liters / hour. This water will be treated inside the facility for the total recovery of organic substances.


Solid waste will be managed according to the regulations in force (Legislative Decree 152/2006 of the Fourth Part and the related annexes). The solid discharges of the machine are represented by the ash resulting from the gasification process. The ash production is estimated to about 7% of the introduced matter. The ash, collected in special bags, will be stored according to the regulations in force (coal category).


The sound limits are set by D.P.C.M. from November 1997 and the Urban Acoustic Certification Plan, and the limits of the law will be respected by adopting measures such as:

  • the imposition of noise emission limits on the components to ensure a noise level below the stipulated limit
  • isolation of components and structures so that the higher noise levels are encased in a protective shield to correspond to the most sensitive sensors
  • adoption of soundproofed cabins and low-noise equipment

The sound pressure will be in accordance with the values ​​provided by the Urban Acoustic Certification Plan.


The VVFF request for project evaluation for issuing the certificate of compliance followed by issuing C.P.I. (Fire safety clearance)

Avoiding carbon dioxide emissions

The annual carbon dioxide emission avoided by the electricity production line, namely carbon dioxide emitted by a traditional fossil fuel plant for the production of the same amount of electricity, is about 6,500 tonnes / year.

Methane production

As an alternative to its use for supplying endothermic engines and electricity production, once the synthetic gas has been obtained, it can be used for a catalytic reaction to obtain methane gas with 95% purity which can be marketed and distributed. In this case, the section of the facility producing electricity is replaced by a section of medium pressure catalysis.

Emissions into the atmosphere

Within the process of molecular dissociation there are no emissions into the atmosphere because it is a transformation process carried out in a closed environment.

The machine itself has no outside emissions. In fact, the entire process takes place inside sealed chambers in which a controlled amount of air is pumped, and what comes out of the chambers is a synthesis gas consisting of gaseous compounds resulted from the reaction of solid matter with air and the temperature drop of the charged materials. In the process of gas conversion, synthetic gas represents the active product. Therefore, what is emitted in the gas phase will not be eliminated in the atmosphere because it is the key element that will then be used in the various transformations possible for the production of electricity. The gaseous emission from the atmosphere is thus the object of a new phase in which the synthesis gas is distributed in several types of facility for the production of electricity.

The gas that arrives in the facility has cleaning properties similar to those of methane gas or other natural gas used in industrial and civil applications, is sent to devices and machines approved according to European norms, therefore able to respect the emission norms and the parameters provided by them. It is worth mentioning that, in order to be able to function properly, this type of machine does not require the gas used to meet special qualities, so performing an efficient purification is both a requirement of the process and a proof of respect for the natural environment.


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